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Monthly Archives: March 2018

Types of Allergies

Food Allergies
Food allergies are probably one of the most common and are often the first that many people will think of. Sufferers tend to be allergic to a wide range of foods, and the intolerances themselves can be quite specific. Celiac disease, for example, is an intolerance to gluten. However, this is also another rarer allergy in which a person will be allergic to most processed cereals – meaning that they are unable to eat bread, wheat, oats or anything else that has been processed by modern agricultural farming methods.

Allergies to Grass and Pollen
Grass pollen also tends to be quite a common allergen for a lot of people and the symptoms of this will usually manifest during the summer time. Those with a grass allergy will often try to avoid places where there is a lot of grass, which can sometimes have a serious impact on a person’s quality of life depending on what kind of outdoor activities they do. In cases like this, certain types of medication will be taken.

The most well-known symptom of a grass or pollen allergy tends to be rhinitis when the nose gets inflamed and starts to cause a significant build-up of mucus. While this can be a nuisance in many cases, some people find that symptoms can get so bad that they end up being unable to work, go to school or even sleep.

Skin Allergies
Skin allergies can be quite varied as well. The most common symptom tends to be a hives and eczema, which can have a range of different causes. Eczema, for example, is often caused by contact with specific substances such as perfumes or latex. Other conditions may also be present which can exacerbate it, such as to have particularly dry skin.

Types Of Thyroid Disorders

Grave’s Disease

Named after the doctor, who first revealed it, it is a common form of overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune disorder that strikes when the immune system of the body attacks the thyroid gland, and hence, results in overproduction of thyroid hormone. With high level of thyroid within the blood stream, the body may show symptoms such as:

  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Intolerance to heat
  • Excessive sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Bulging eyes and improper vision
  • Frequent bowl movements or even diarrhea
  • Hand tremors
  • Irregular heartbeat

Goiter

A noncancerous result of the thyroid gland, goiter is common worldwide and is considered mainly an outcome of iodine deficiency within the body. Goiter can affect at any age, but is common in people above 40. Medical history, pregnancy, radiation exposure, and usage of certain medication are the major risk factors of this illness. Mild goiter cases may not reveal any symptoms, while complex goiter cases may show up with following symptoms:

  • Tightness/swelling in the neck
  • Wheezing or coughing
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Difficulty in breathing and/or swallowing food

Thyroid Nodules

Thyroid disorder can also lead to another acute ailment known as Thyroid Nodules. The nodules are the growth form in or on in the thyroid gland. The primary cause for this illness is however not known, but it is witnessed that it can be cancerous in nature in small fraction of cases. The risks associated with thyroid nodules may increase with age. Thyroid nodules does not unveil any symptoms, but if they grow large enough then they can lead to symptoms such as:

  • Tremors
  • Clammy skin
  • Increased appetite
  • High pulse rate
  • Nervousness
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling in neck
  • Problem in swallowing and breathing
  • High level of pain

Cough in Children With Asthma

Sadly, many parents are reluctant to accept a diagnosis of asthma, a dilemma which leads to unnecessary pain and suffering, delay in treatment and even loss of life. For parents who can’t come to term with their child having asthma, I have good news: a cough due to asthma quickly gets better with proper medications. Moreover, children can outgrow their asthma.

Why people suffer from asthma

People who suffer from asthma have sensitive, hyper-responsive lungs, in the same way that people who suffer from eczema have sensitive skin.

A sensitive lung can go into spasm or constriction at any time. Spasm narrows small air channels, limiting airflow within the lungs and suddenly making it difficult for people with asthma to breathe. During such an episode of asthma attack, patients can experience shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, fast breathing, and chest tightness or discomfort.

Wheezing is a high-pitched musical sound taking place in the chest of someone who is experiencing an asthma attack. When loud, people nearby can hear it; but at other times it can only be heard by clinicians who listen to the chest with a stethoscope.

Asthma triggers

Catarrh or runny nose with its concomitant viral infection, cold weather, pets such as cats and dogs, dust, dirt, cockroaches, pollutants, paint fumes, perfumes, mold, grass, pollens and cigarette smoke can trigger already sensitive lungs into an episode of coughing and wheezing. Exercise, as well as emotions, also triggers a cough and shortness of breath in people with sensitive lungs.

Cough as a sign of asthma

Cough, a common problem, is one of the many signs of asthma. Parents and caregivers bring children to clinicians when their cough continues for many days and does not resolve with cough syrup. A cough is bothersome to children; it can prevent them from sleeping at night or during the day, can provoke them to vomit, can make them fearful of eating and even cause them to lose weight. When a cough and fever go together in a child, a more sinister illness such as pneumonia comes to mind.

Severity of asthma

When evaluating a child with asthma, it is important to assess the severity of the symptoms. Some children have the intermittent form of asthma, while others have the persistent form.

People with the irregular form of asthma experience symptoms once in a while. Those who have a persistent form experience degrees of symptoms more often, usually on a weekly basis or a daily basis, and sometimes even several times a day.

Examination of children with asthma

Clinicians look for signs of distress when presented with a child with an acute attack of asthma. The in-and-out pulling of chest muscles in a patient, or ‘retraction’, signals air-hunger and agony.

When there is no obvious wheezing, chest retraction or spontaneous coughing, I tend to ask the child, if they are old enough and comfortable, to cough out loud so that I can hear it

By the sound, one can often tell from where a cough is coming: from the throat, or pharynx, or from deep in the chest. The latter would mean that the lungs are the source of the problem, and therefore indicative of asthma. This distinction is important.

Respiratory rates, temperature, pulse rate and oxygen saturation are some of the vital signs obtained at the time of first examination.

Diagnosis of asthma

Clinicians can diagnose asthma in a patient who has a cough by listening to the chest with a stethoscope. A high-pitched musical sound, known as a wheeze, is suggestive of this condition. When a patient’s symptoms are relieved with the use of a bronchodilator, such as albuterol, the diagnosis is all but certain.

Asthma medications

Drugs for asthma treatment, known as bronchodilators, are targeted to open up the narrowed airways so that air can get into the lungs. Another group of medications called ‘inhaled steroids’ reduces mucus production and inflammation in the small air channels. People with frequent asthma attacks should use both medications. Medical practitioners need to explain details of use.

Asthma control and prevention

Prevention is the key to containing asthma. People who have the condition should avoid known environmental triggers; some of the well-known allergens-dust, cats, dogs, smoke, roaches and so on have already been mentioned. Different asthmatics can have different triggers.

An asthma action plan is a set of steps which, when completed by medical practitioners, guides patients on the use of their medication before and during symptoms, and what to do when symptoms do not improve. There is also a section that tells users how to control things in their environment that make their asthma worse.

Why do people die from asthma?

Two years ago, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the CDC, in the USA reported 187 children under the age of 18 had died that year as a result of asthma.

My guess is that the numbers of children who die of asthma every day within the inner cities of underdeveloped countries such as Onitsha in Nigeria, where pollution is at every street corner and people breathe air mixed with smoke, dirt and dust, are countless.

Simple measures such as avoiding asthma triggers and prompt use of asthma medication would prevent many unnecessary deaths. Failure to recognize the illness is the most heartbreaking and obvious reason for the high numbers. Furthermore, lack of access to much-needed medication as well as a delay in seeking expert medical intervention is often to blame.

About Puzzle Bracelets to Autism

Since April is designated as Autism Awareness Month, use this opportunity to raise awareness among families, friends, and local communities. There are ways to show your support for this noble cause but using customized puzzle bracelets is among the best of them because they are enormously popular. Families living with autism often need moral support.

Autism treatment and research receive less than 5{df16b7182c78c8f70188289622ab585a7d58308ba8caad9fd3b1d5fb4854c6af} of the public funding contributed each year to fight all major childhood diseases. There are plenty of initiatives you can organize to get financial support.

Include your co-workers, speak about autism and bring personalized puzzle wristbands to work. Collect as much donations as possible and send them to a charity organization.

Form a team together with your family, neighbors and friends. Organize a marathon walk in support of autism. Give your team a unique personality – wear customized bracelets with an inspirational autism message.

Social media platforms like Facebook, Etsy and Twitter are the perfect tools for promoting a cause you truly believe in. You can also use photo-based sites like Pinterest and Instagram.

Autism puzzle bracelets can help spread the word and show support for people living with the disorder. The official awareness color is royal blue with multi-color puzzle pieces. The idea behind puzzle pieces is to reflect the mystery and complexity of the autism spectrum disorder. Each piece is different in some way and each one accurately represents the beautiful diversity of the individuals living with it.

You can get these wristbands online or directly from stores. But before placing your orders, spend a few minutes of your time to see which one best fits your purpose. These products come in a wide range of colors, fonts and patterns.