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Types Of Thyroid Disorders

Grave’s Disease

Named after the doctor, who first revealed it, it is a common form of overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune disorder that strikes when the immune system of the body attacks the thyroid gland, and hence, results in overproduction of thyroid hormone. With high level of thyroid within the blood stream, the body may show symptoms such as:

  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Intolerance to heat
  • Excessive sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Bulging eyes and improper vision
  • Frequent bowl movements or even diarrhea
  • Hand tremors
  • Irregular heartbeat

Goiter

A noncancerous result of the thyroid gland, goiter is common worldwide and is considered mainly an outcome of iodine deficiency within the body. Goiter can affect at any age, but is common in people above 40. Medical history, pregnancy, radiation exposure, and usage of certain medication are the major risk factors of this illness. Mild goiter cases may not reveal any symptoms, while complex goiter cases may show up with following symptoms:

  • Tightness/swelling in the neck
  • Wheezing or coughing
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Difficulty in breathing and/or swallowing food

Thyroid Nodules

Thyroid disorder can also lead to another acute ailment known as Thyroid Nodules. The nodules are the growth form in or on in the thyroid gland. The primary cause for this illness is however not known, but it is witnessed that it can be cancerous in nature in small fraction of cases. The risks associated with thyroid nodules may increase with age. Thyroid nodules does not unveil any symptoms, but if they grow large enough then they can lead to symptoms such as:

  • Tremors
  • Clammy skin
  • Increased appetite
  • High pulse rate
  • Nervousness
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling in neck
  • Problem in swallowing and breathing
  • High level of pain